Volume V. | Pages: 85 | ISSN 1338-6743
JAZYK, KULTÚRA, KOMUNIKÁCIA / LANGUAGE, CULTURE, COMMUNICATION
Maxim DULEBA - OBRAZ ŽENY V OBRATNÍKU RAKA HENRYHO MILLERA (DEPICTION OF WOMAN IN HENRY MILLER'S TROPIC OF CANCER)
Henry Miller’s Tropic of Cancer was decried for being “pornographic attack on woman’s dignity” by conservative spectrum of the literary criticism in the 20th century. In this article, author reveals various popularized myths in perception of Henry Miller and argues that the novel is not degrading woman. He finds that the conscious schematization of the woman’s character is an output of Miller’s effort to follow the tradition of romantic poetry in the late-modernistic period. Furthermore, erotization of woman’s character helps Miller to create an antipode to belief in ideals and the higher principle of human existence. Miller’s acceptance of the Nietzsche’s cult of body is in a direct synthesis with the Nietzsche’s concept of the “Übermensch”“, which is resistant to any ideals and/or dogmatic ideologies. Author concludes that the image of woman in Miller’s novel is highly metaphorical and involves a strong philosophical context. Woman serves as functional metaphor providing for unidealistic reflection of subconscious processes, which are part of every human psyche.
Keywords: Henry Miller, Tropic of Cancer, demythologization, modernism, romanticism, erotization, myth.
str./pp. 9 - 15
Stanislava HUDÍKOVÁ - K NIEKTORÝM LEXIKÁLNYM A SÉMANTICKÝM OSOBITOSTIAM INZERÁTOV – DOPYTOV V RUSKOM JAZYKU (THE SPECIFICS OF LEXICAL-SEMANTICS IN THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE ADVERTISEMENTS)
In the article we focus on specifics of lexical-semantics of Russian language advertisements. The growth of international trading increased requirements for the business communication. An adoption of words from other languages, especially Anglicisms, is common. Many areas as politics, culture, management, marketing, information technologies, economics are impacted. Russian and Slovak are no exception, both being influenced by other languages.
Keywords: lexis, advertisement, economics terms, internationalization, technical terms, abbreviations.
str./pp. 16 - 21
Ján KERESTY - ЛЕКСИКО-ГРАММАТИЧЕСКАЯ ХАРАКТЕРИСТИКА ДЕЕПРИЧАСТНЫХ ОБОРОТОВ РУССКОГО ЯЗЫКА (LEXICAL AND GRAMMATICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF TRANSGRESSIVE PHRASES IN RUSSIAN LANGUAGE)
The article discusses the linguistic status of the transgressive phrases in the Russian language. It defines the conditions of formation of transgressive word forms from the perfective and imperfective verbs. It also focuses on different types of temporal meanings expressed by transgressive phrases and examines the syntactic function of transgressive phrases as well as their semantic variety. Last but not least, the article discusses the relation of transgressive phrases with the predicative constructions.
Keywords: transgressive phrases, transgressive, predication, temporal meaning of transgressives, syntax, semantics, Russian language.
str./pp. 22 - 27
Miroslava MICHLIKOVÁ - KOMPARATIVE ANALYSE DES FACHTEXTES (DEUTSCH-SLOWAKISCH) (COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF A SPECIALISED TEXT (GERMAN – SLOVAK))
This bachelor thesis is concerned with the translation of a specialised text being a part of translation in general. The analysed specialised text concentrates on the field of banking, whereby the banking language has some characteristic traits, which need to be taken into account. The phenomenon of technical language represents the basis of the theoretical part of the work. We attempt to define the position and function of the language on the field of banking with consideration on the technical language. The main part of the bachelor thesis constitutes the comparison of an original text (in the German language) with the Slovak translation, whereby the impact is put on the lexical aspect of this text. By means of the comparative analysis, the lexical aspect of the banking text and its translation are examined.
Keywords: specialised text, banking, term and terminology, translation of a specialised text, comparative analysis.
str./pp. 28 - 34
Sofia TUŽINSKÁ - LA TRADICIÓN GAUCHESCA EN EL HOMBRE DE LA ESQUINA ROSADA GAUCHO (TRADITION IN THE SHORT STORY MAN ON PINK CORNER)
The Gaucho poetry has a great significance in the context of the Argentinian literature. It comes from the primitive poetry of the gauchos that developed in oral form. It was, an uneducated, spontaneous poetry of the rural payadores of the 18th century. It inspired educated writers such as J. Hernandes, E. del Campo, B. Hidalg, who teaked in his poems the gaucho issues, the typical language of the gauchos. The gaucho tradition also has its important place in the literature of the twentieth century. J. L. Borges, one of the most appreciated writers in the panorama of the world literature, left the traces of the gaucho phenomenon in his short story ‟Man on Pink Corner”.
Keywords: poetry of the gauchos,gaucho poetry, payador, Borges, Man on Pink Corner.
str./pp. 35 - 41
Bohdan ULAŠIN - PREJUICIOS ÉTNICOS EN ESPAÑOL: ANÁLISIS LÉXICO-SEMÁNTICO DEL USO SECUNDARIO DE LOS ETNÓNIMOS FRANCÉS, MORO Y JUDÍO (ETHNICAL PREJUDICES IN SPANISH: A LEXICO-SEMANTIC ANALYSIS OF THE SECONDARY USE OF THE ETHNONYMS FRENCH, MOOR AND JEWISH)
Ethnic prejudices constitute evidence of perception and evaluation of other cultures and language communities by means of ascribing figurative meanings to an ethnonym. It can be achieved by a relatively free semantic association or by using the ethnonym in a phraseological unit, or even it can become lexicalized and be part of the semantic definition of a dictionary entry. In this work, we analyze three ethnonyms and their meanings in the Spanish language: French, Jew, Moor.
Keywords: ethnonym, secondary meaning, ethnic neighbours, prejudice, semantics.
str./pp. 42 - 46
Anikó TOMPOS, Lívia ABLONCZY-MIHÁLYKA - TACTICS CONTEXTUAL-SITUATIONAL FACTORS AND BUSINESS NEGOTIATORS‘ CHOICES
The purpose of the paper is to report on the findings of a quantitative investigation carried out in the western Transdanubian region in order to gain information on Hungarian business professionals’ foreign language knowledge, organisational behaviour and negotiating habits. The present study focuses on the role of certain contextual-situational variables which influence business negotiators’ choices in opting for or against the use of ethically ambiguous negotiating tactics. First, the literature on the role of ethic in negotiations, ethically questionable negotiating tactics and variables affecting their employment is reviewed. Then, the research methodology and sampling are described and the results are presented and discussed. The results are also compared to the findings of a previous qualitative investigation carried out by the authors. In the light of the data from the two pieces of research, the paper concludes that for practising Hungarian business negotiators their relationship with the negotiating partner and the importance of the negotiations’ outcome are the most important variables while the gender of the opponent seems to affect their use of tactics the least.
Keywords: ethic, business negotiations, contextual-situational variables, EANTs.
str./pp. 47 - 55
DIDAKTIKA A METODIKA VYUČOVACÍCH A CUDZÍCH JAZYKOV / DIDACTICS AND METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING AND FOREIGN LANGUAGES
Fermín DOMÍNGUEZ SANTANA - EL USO DE ESTRATEGIAS EN EL RECONOCIMIENTO DE COLOCACIONES LÉXICAS. UNA PROPUESTA PRÁCTICA (STRATEGIES IN RECOGNITION OF COLLOCATIONS. A PRACTICAL PROPOSAL)
The efforts of the research in the teaching and learning of collocations should comprise proposals directed not only to the cognitive learning of these lexical items, but also to the development of strategies to progress towards the autonomy of learners. This research presents a proposal for the development of the strategic component, through identification and systematization of one kind of collocations: Verb + Noun Phrase (as a Direct Object).
Keywords: collocations, strategic component, learning strategies, autonomy.
str./pp. 56 - 74
Diana Patricia VARELA CANO - LA CANCIÓN EN LA CLASE DE LENGUA EXTRANJERA (SONG IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASS)
When teaching a foreign language, the goal is to develop the language skills of the people learning it, namely their oral and written communication as well as their understanding. The active processes taking place include different types of activities, both oral and written, which are used to achieve the desired communicative competences. In this context, songs constitute an original wellspring of highly useful material for learning a language as they provide stories containing both cultural and linguistic elements.
Keywords: songs, language skills, communication skills, activities, cultural content, language.
str./pp. 75 - 80
RECENZIE / REVIEWS
Daniela BREVENÍKOVÁ - Helena ŠAJGALÍKOVÁ, Štefánia DUGOVIČOVÁ, Věra ELIÁŠOVÁ. 2015. Testy z angličtiny. Úlohy s riešeniami a nahrávkami. Bratislava: Aktuell.
СВЕТЛАНА МИХАЙЛОВНА МИНАСЯН - RECHTORÍKOVÁ, G. 2014. Ruština pre ekonómov I. Bratislava: EKONÓM. 174 s. ISBN 978-80-225-4046-9.
Oľga ORGOŇOVÁ - DULEBOVÁ, IRINA. 2015. Precedentné fenomény súčasného ruského jazyka: interkultúrny a lingvodidaktický aspekt. Bratislava: Univerzita Komenského. ISBN 978-80-223-4053-3
SPRÁVY / REPORTS
Katarína STRELKOVÁ - Štúdium ruského jazyka a možnosti uplatnenia v praxi
str./pp. 84 - 85