The journal Lingua et vita is an independent, nonpartisan international scientific periodical.

The Code of Ethics for publishing papers in the scientific journal Lingua et vita  has been elaborated according to the Elsevier Publishing House for publication ethics, Scientific Council of the University of Economics in Bratislava (EUBA), and the Board of Editors of the journal.

The Board of Editors of the scientific journal Lingua et vita is responsible for the supervision of all stages of the publication process.

The Code of Ethics is a guarantee of a high academic level of papers published in the journal and based on it measures are adopted against the breach of stipulated standards.

All participating parties of the publishing process are responsible for the observation of the Code of Ethics.

Participating parties to the publishing process are:

  1. Authors,
  2. Editor-in-chief,
  3. Executive editor,
  4. Reviewers,
  5. Publisher




The journal Lingua et vita accepts and publishes exclusively only original, so far unpublished papers that are own work of those who submit the manuscript concerned for publication.

Authors of articles in the journal Lingua et vita can be:

  1. Contributors with relevant completed academic education on the level of the first cycle of higher education at least;
  2. students of higher education institutions (HEI) of a relevant academic field of study, which corresponds to the profile and aims of the scientific journal Lingua et vita.

In accordance with the provisions above, refuse manuscripts that have been demonstrably published and those that establish plagiarism or an unauthorised, or illegal interference in the copyright according to the Copyright Act in force are automatically refused with a corresponding explanation.

Information for authors published on the website of the Journal is binding. Papers in foreign languages are especially welcome.

Responsibility for the observation of all necessary conditions and requirements placed on the papers published in the journal is borne by:

  1. Specialist guarantors who are members of the Board of Editors in charge of specific cross-sections related to the scientific aspect of submissions;
  2. the Editor-in-Chief for the managing of the board of editors and the publishing process;
  3. Executive Editor for the formal aspect of contributions/papers and the application of methods, analytical and statistic issues in their papers;
  4. Authors of articles for the content, standard of grammar and stylistic level, of their article.

Publication of contributions in the journal is conducted exclusively free from any royalty to authors.

Papers submitted for publication are assessed by the Editorial Board of the Journal as a manifestation of authors’ free will, through which the authors at the same time consciously and voluntarily:

  1. manifest their consent with the publishing of an article submitted to the journal;
  2. confirm that the contribution is their original, so far unpublished work;
  3. confirm their consent with the indication of their institution and contact e-mail address within their contribution.




Assessment on whether will be considered for publication in the journal Lingua et vita are conducted independently and impartially  based on a double anonymous peer reviewing proceedings, conducted by members of the Journal’s Board of Editors  and in justified cases also by recognised experts operating in pertaining areas.

The record on the results of reviewing proceedings are made and archived in standardised form.

A summary information about the result of the reviewing proceedings, together with the guidance  on further course of action is delivered to authors of proposals for publication by means of an e-mail response without delay after the delivery of completed  reviews to the Editorial Office and the final assessment of results of reviewing proceedings by the Board of Editors.

Contributions/papers shall be automatically refused and accompanied with a corresponding written explanation in the following cases:

  1. The author of the contribution/paper has demonstrably not completed the minimum first level of the higher education, or is not a student pursuing a course of study related with the profile and aims of the journal Lingua et vita;
  2. The contribution clearly fails to correspond to minimum standard criteria of academic ethics, which are required and are generally recognised by  the academic public  and the scientific/academic community in relation to contributions of a given category  (research papers, compositions, book reviews, information or reports), either in terms of  scope, content, methodology, methods applied, and the like, as well as from the aspect of the right, complete, and an adequate scientific citation of all the bibliographical references used.




Authors of articles are obliged to use impartial argumentation and actual outputs of scientific research. A research database shall be presented precisely.

Research papers shall adequately detailed, and the References section of papers has to be processed in the way that so as to enable readers to reproduce it in an adequate and objective way.

Authors of submissions can be required to provide source data used in their studies and articles for the needs of editorial control, and if possible the author should store the data used for an adequately long time after the publication of the article that is based on these data.

Misleading or consciously wrong statements are considered unethical behaviour and they are unacceptable.

Authors are obliged to verify themselves, they are submitting an original work, and if they used sources by other authors in their work, they shall quote them in an adequate way.

Plagiarism in all forms stands for a unethical behaviour and it is unacceptable. Plagiarism comes in various forms including presenting somebody else’s manuscript as one’s own, copying and paraphrasing larger parts of works by other authors without citing them, up to appropriating research results of other authors.

It is deemed inadmissible for the author to publish manuscripts describing in principle the same research in more than one journal or in a primary publication.

Sending the same article to several journal boards of editors is considered to be an unethical publishing behaviour and is deemed unacceptable.

Each paper shall contain a right and complete citation of other authors’ works. Information obtained in a confidential way shall not be used without an express written consent of the author of the documents concerned, or the copyright holder to these works.

Should the author reveal a serious error or inaccuracy in their own published work, they are obliged to inform about them without delay the Executive Editor or the Editor-in-Chief and cooperate with them in withdrawing the article from its production process, or in publishing errata to the article concerned.

In case an editor learns from a third party that an article submitted for publication contains serious mistakes, it is the author’s obligation to immediately withdraw the article from production, or correct it, or provide at the request of the Executive Editor the Board of Editors with proofs that original conclusions in the article are the right conclusions.

Authors who are applying for having their articles published in the Journal Lingua et vita, are obliged to deliver electronically (online) the following documents to the Board of Editors:

  1. Article for publishing adjusted within the meaning the requirements for the adjustment of contributions in the journal of Lingua et vita;
  2. A signed copy of the Declaration of Originality of their articles containing a statement of the manuscript concerned was not been published in other periodical in the past, or it will not be published elsewhere in the future;
  3. Licence Agreement.

In case if the author does not submit documents required within the meaning of item 12 Article IV, the Executive Editor will not include their article in the reviewing proceedings and the articles will not be published in the journal.




The Journal’s Editorial Board deliberates on including articles into individual issues of the scientific journal Lingua et vita, while considering reviewers’ assessments and specific background materials acquired from the Executive Editor.

In the course of validation of a given article and its importance for researchers and readers, the Executive Editor adheres to rules of the Editorial Office.

The Executive Editor can confer in his work and cooperate with other editors and reviewers.

The Executive Editor works with manuscripts in terms of their content and quality, regardless of race, gender, sexual orientation, religious affiliation, ethnic origin, nationality, or political opinions of authors.

The Executive Editor or any other member of the Editorial Board of Lingua et vita shall not make accessible any information about manuscripts submitted to any entities, except for the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, members of the Editorial Board and the Publisher.

Unpublished data in the manuscript submitted shall not be used in the Executive Editor’s own research without an express written consent of the author.

Essential information or ideas acquired during the reviewing process are considered to be confidential and shall not be used to gain personal advantage.

Unethical behaviour during of publishing in the Journal is investigated by the Editorial Board of the Journal and the Publisher.




The reviewer assists the Executive Editor and the Board of Editors of the scientific journal Lingua et vita in their editorial deliberation on publishing or not-publishing or refusal of the submission.

Reviewer’s comments help the author to improve the manuscript submitted.

A review is an indivisible part of formal scientific communication.

The Executive Editor addresses members of the Board of Editors and invites them to review a submission/ submissions, or from experts outside the board of Editors’ province and the Faculty of UEBA, based on a preceding negotiating at the meeting of Lingua et vita Board of Editors meeting.

The reviewer shall handle each manuscript obtained for reviewing as with a confidential material. The reviewer shall not show the text to anybody, neither can they discuss about it without anybody, with the exception awarded the Executive Editor of Lingua et vita.

A review shall be elaborated impartially and delivered to the Executive Editor in time and without delay.

A personal criticism of the author is in admissible.

Reviewers shall express their opinions using relevant and comprehensible terminology and style, and adequately support their comments with arguments.

Reviewers shall mark in their reviews the data and information that the author cited wrongly or did not cite. Any statement that the data or information were already published, shall be adequately recorded.

The reviewer notifies the Executive Editor about the case of essential similarity or overlapping between the manuscript reviewed and any other published paper, of which they are aware.

Unpublished information in the manuscript submitted shall not be used in the reviewer’s own research without an express consent of the author’s written consent. Essential information or ideas acquired in the course reviewing process are deemed confidential and shall not be used for obtaining the reviewer’s personal advantage.

If a reviewer finds out in the course of evaluation of the article that a conflict of interest may arise resulting from competitive or other relations with authors of articles, they shall notify the Executive Editor of this situation, who, in cooperation with the Board of Editors, decides on future course of the reviewing proceedings.