Volume IV. | Pages: 130 | ISSN 1338-6743
JAZYK, KULTÚRA, KOMUNIKÁCIA / LANGUAGE, CULTURE, COMMUNICATION
Lívia ADAMCOVÁ - FREMDWÖRTER IM DEUTSCHEN – EIN STÄNDIGES PROBLEM? (FOREIGN WORDS IN GERMAN – A CONSTANT PROBLEM?)
The aim of this paper is to examine the penetration of foreign words in to the German language in synchronous and diachronic perspectives. It mainly focuses on internationalisms, predominantly of Greek and Latinorigin. They are thechiefs ource for German words in linguistics, philosophy, culture, science, and technology. The term foreign word is explained, and then the paper devotes special attention to foreign words in terms of pronunciation, spelling, morphology, and application. The incorporation of foreign words is clearly visible on the lexical level, especially with in the category of lexical anglicisms. This process reflects current communication needs, there foreit is considered to be a major advantage for the German language.
Keywords: Foreign words, internationalisms, loan words, anglicisms, vocabulary enhancement and extension in the past and present decades.
str./pp. 9 - 18
Carlos DIMEO ÁLVAREZ - LA «CREACIÓN COLECTIVA»: VIGENCIAS Y DIVERGENCIAS DE UN MODELO ESTÉTICO, POLÍTICO Y CULTURAL EN AMÉRICA LATINA (Condition for Start-ups in Slovakia)
Based on the model of collective creation developed by Teatro La Candelaria and the Experimental Theatre of Cali, we want to study the characteristics and elements that sustained this new model of theatricality emerged in Colombia in the 60s. Also to note, which of them did not respond only to a methodology of playwriting, but also transcended the border of the scenic text itself, while dealing with political and social content. Speaking in a political sense, in order of unrestrictedly content modelling, and knowing that it was an expression of a scenic model, which posed a process of cultural and political transformation, we seek to generate a balance of the importance it had for the Latin American scenic environment and thus, to understand its validity or extemporaneity on the results obtained through this.
Key words: Collective creation, theatricality, political theatre, cultural transformation, Latin-American theatre.
str./pp. 19 - 26
María PAZ CERVANTES BONET - REPRESENTACIÓN DE ESPAÑA EN LA PRENSA ESLOVACA (THE REPRESENTATION OF SPAIN IN THE SLOVAK PRESS)
Foreign image abroad is an issue that has always been important to the States because of this. It depends on many factors as tourism, foreign investment and trade, etc. There are studies that show that the issues related with Spain are nowadays interesting for the world public opinion, especially when those issues are related with own interest, as the Spanish financial crisis. The aim of this paper is to map the Spanish State-brand and its society in Slovakia according to the newspapers.
Keywords: Foreign image abroad, Spain, Slovakia, press, financial crisis.
str./pp. 27 - 32
Milena HELMOVÁ - INTERRELIGIOSITÄT IM KONTEXT DER INTERKULTURALITÄT (INTER-RELIGIOSITY IN THE CONTEXT OF INTERCULTURALITY)
Interculturality and inter-religiosity refer to situations in which representatives of various cultures and religions meet and act in mutual interactions. Cultural and religious heterogeneity has been a common phenomenon of the historically formed social practice of humanity. The mutual influence of cultures and the impact of religions on the performance and behavior of representatives of cultures have become considerably important to the development of international trade relations with regard to the impact of globalization processes on the conduct of individuals.
Keywords: globalization, culture, religion, interculturality, inter-religiosity, intercultural competence, inter-religious competence.
str./pp. 33 - 40
Ján KERESTY - PERCEPCIA PLEONAZMOV V RUMUNSKEJ SPOLOČNOSTI A ICH PREKLAD DO SLOVENČINY (THE PERCEPTION OF PLEONASMS IN THE ROMANIAN SOCIETY AND THEIR TRANSLATION INTO THE SLOVAK LANGUAGE)
The article discusses the issue of pleonasms regarded as errors of expression in contemporary Romanian. It analyses some of the theoretical aspects of this phenomenon in the Romanian language and provides a brief comparison with the understanding of pleonasms in the Slovak linguistics. It explains the pleonastic nature of a number of expressions that occur in contemporary Romanian either in terms of etymology or logic and touches also the question of their Slovak translation equivalents. Last but not least, the article deals with the attitude of the Romanian linguists as well as ordinary society towards pleonasms and their use.
Keywords: pleonasm, Romanian language, error, etymology, semantics, translation, Slovak language.
str./pp. 41 - 51
Katarína KLIMENTOVÁ - LOS PROCESOS MORFOLÓGICOS MÁS PRODUCTIVOS EN LA FORMACIÓN DEL LÉXICO ESPECIALIZADO EN ESPAÑOL (PRODUCTIVE WAYS OF WORD FORMATION IN SPANISH FOR SPECIFIC PURPOSES)
Vocabulary for specific purposes plays an important role in the vocabulary enrichment of a particular language. Different fields of science, technology and production bring new concepts that are needed to be designated and denominated appropriately. In this way, new words – terms – are formed and standardized. There are many ways of term formation. The paper deals with the productive ways of the formation of Spanish terminology (field: Management of Agricultural Companies).
Keywords: Spanish for Specific Purposes, Terms and Terminology, Derivation, Multi-word Terms, Management of Agricultural Companies.
str./pp. 52 - 58
Iveta MAAROVÁ - KULTURÉMA A JEJ CHARAKTERISTIKA (CHARACTERISTICS OF CULTUREME)
In this paper, the author introduces cultureme as a relatively new expression which in Slovakia hasn’t been studied or defined so far. The author proposes a possible definition and explanation of cultureme as it has been formulated and defined by the Experimental and Typological Linguistics Investigation Group (GILTE) in Granada, Spain. Further, this explanation is illustrated by various examples of Mexican and Slovak culturemes.
Keywords: cultureme, Experimental and Typological Linguistics, Mexican and Slovak culturemes.
str./pp. 59 - 68
Štefan POVCHANIČ - DE LA NAISSANCE DES CANONS LITTÉRAIRES (THE BIRTH OF LITERARY CANONS)
The study illustrates the knowledge that the substitution of literary systems does not always take place on the main line of literary development. In the words of Victor Shklovsky: “sometimes inheritance does not pass from father to son, but from uncle to nephew.” The retrospective view from the heights of the Parnassianism, a literary phenomenon which dominated the French literature in the 1860s, leads us to the very source of the movement, which was Hugo’s collection of poems Les Orientales, known as the picturesque school. In the given stage of literary development, it was a mere side branch, a “departure“ from the then-dominant intimate lyric poetry of the Romantics. Nonetheless, the next generation would find inspiration for their opposite movement against the canon of the given period in this one-time “departure”. This is the case of the “art for art’s sake” movement. In case of favourable conditions, however, the literary system originating in the side stream can become the dominant tendency of literary development. This is the case of the Parnassianism, which unites the principles of “art for art’s sake” and a scientific ambition and thus its cold beauty conquers the literary field.
Keywords: Substitution of systems, Picturesque school – Art for art’s sake – Parnassianism.
str./pp. 69 - 77
Roman SEHNAL - VZÁJOMNÝ VPLYV ODBORNEJ A BEŽNEJ SLOVNEJ ZÁSOBY V TALIANČINE (THE MUTUAL INFLUENCE OF PROFESSIONAL AND GENERAL VOCABULARY IN THE ITALIAN LANGUAGE)
The process of enriching the vocabulary of the Italian language is a continual phenomenon. The aim of this paper is to provide a brief overview of the semantic changes in the Italian terminology in the process of lexical migration. Special attention is paid to the relationship and mutual influence of technical terms and words of everyday use. The process of verbal migration and the blend of different styles are the most productive ways of vocabulary renewal and upgrading, leading to the convergence of professional and general communication.
Keywords: terminology, comune word-stock, conotation, denotation, word migration, euphemism.
str./pp. 78 - 86
DIDAKTIKA A METODIKA VYUČOVACÍCH A CUDZÍCH JAZYKOV / DIDACTICS AND METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING AND FOREIGN LANGUAGES
Lenka KALOUSKOVÁ - ANALÝZA GRAMATICKÝCH CHYB V PÍSEMNÝCH PRACÍCH Z HOSPODÁŘSKÉ NĚMČINY (ANALYSIS OF GRAMMATICAL MISTAKES AND ERRORS FOUND IN WRITTEN WORKS IN BUSINESS GERMAN)
The aim of this article is to summarize, analyze and describe the most common grammatical mistakes in written works in business German, identify the cause of them and thus help to eliminate them. For this purpose, 300 written exam works on a variety of economic issues were analyzed. The research has shown that most numerous mistakes were of morphological nature, especially incorrect flexion of grammatical articles, pronouns and adjectives. The cause of the mistake is, in addition to carelessness and lack of practice as well as intralingual and interlingual interference, that the student is affected by the rules of their mother language or English.
Keywords: grammatical mistakes and errors, interference-related errors, business German.
str./pp. 87 - 96
Farida DJAILEB - TEACHING READING COMPREHENSION IN ESP: THE CASE OF COMPUTER SCIENCES IN ALGERIA
Teaching English for Computer Sciences is necessary in the Algerian universities today since the students aim to attend seminars and conferences all over the world; however, their main deficiencies are related to reading, grammar and vocabulary. We as teachers can help students to overcome their drawbacks by designing adequate syllabuses based on the communicative approach to language teaching. In our case, we have chosen the task based syllabus since it is based on tasks that can be performed in the classroom (the interpretation of charts and tables, etc.). In this article, we tried to shed light on some of the strategies of reading comprehension for effective learning.
Keywords: english for specific purposes (ESP), reading, syllabus, computer science.
str./pp. 97 - 102
Dušan KOSTRUB, Martina ŠIPOŠOVÁ - INTERPRETATÍVNE SKÚMANIE VÝUČBY ANGLICKÉHO JAZYKA INTERAKCIA ŽIAKA A UČITEĽA S CUDZOJAZYČNÝM UČIVOM (INTERPRETATIVE RESEARCH OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE TEACHING TEACHER AND STUDENT INTERACTION WITH THE CONTENT OF THE STRUCTURE)
The article deals with the qualitative research study carried out in the context of the English as a foreign language classroom (EFL) at higher secondary education level. The study focuses on the identification of inclination and diversion in interaction and their impact on the English language teaching process. The research results are interpreted by the concept map which represents identified relations between particular categories with regard to the induced research phenomenon. The research results highlight the preferred dominance of a particular teaching model and its consequences.
Keywords: teaching and learning process, English as a foreign language, interaction, inclination in interaction, diversion in interaction, qualitative research, concept map.
str./pp. 103 - 117
Pavol ŠTUBŇA - LE NUOVE TENDENZE NELL’INSEGNAMENTO DELLA LETTERATURA E DELLA CIVILTÀ NELLE UNIVERSITÀ GLOBALIZZAZIONE COME EDUCAZIONE ALLA MONDIALITÀ (NEW TRENDS IN TEACHING LITERATURE AND CIVILIZATION COURSES AT THE UNIVERSITY LEVEL EDUCATION TO GLOBAL CITIZENSHIP)
The study deals with some aspects of the globalisation process regarding the field of education in general, and the professional sphere of teaching literature and civilization courses at the university level in particular. It also approaches relevant psychological and sociological principles and other factors which have to be taken into consideration when one gets acquainted with foreign cultures and/or different behaviour patterns, as well as diverse thinking and feeling models.
Keywords: globalisation, trend, university, education, teaching, global citizenship.
str./pp. 118 - 122
TRANSLATOLÓGIA / TRANSLATOLOGY
Eva REICHWALDEROVÁ - TRADUCCIÓN DE NOMBRES PROPIOS EN OBRAS AUDIOVISUALES EL CASO DE ANTROPÓNIMOS EN LAS PELÍCULAS DE PROVENIENCIA HISPANOHABLANTE (TRANSLATION OF PROPER NAMES IN AUDIOVISUAL WORKS THE ANTHROPONYMS IN THE MOVIES OF SPANISH LANGUAGE ORIGIN)
The present work involves an analysis of the present state of the translation of proper names while taking into account the "rules" that a translator of audiovisual texts should follow. We analyse different ways and techniques of translating anthroponyms in selected films of Spanish-speaking origin, considering two main types of audiovisual translation: translation for dubbing and subtitling. In addition to the study of the communicative purpose, we also discuss different translation strategies of nicknames and labels as marks of identification of a film character.
Keywords: audiovisual translation, audiovisual text, proper name, anthroponyms.
str./pp. 123 - 130