Ročník VII/1 | Strán: 119 | ISSN 1338-6743
JAZYK, KULTÚRA, KOMUNIKÁCIA / LANGUAGE, CULTURE, COMMUNICATION
LÍVIA ADAMCOVÁ - LINGUISTISCHE VARIATIONSFORSCHUNG IM DEUTSCHEN (LANGUAGE VARIETY RESEARCH IN GERMAN)
Abstract: Variation is a characteristic feature of every natural language – including German. German is not a homogeneous entity and it exists in many forms. Based on observations, the article should document which varieties or variants are to be found in the German language. The characteristics of the dimensions of a linguistic variety classification are important here. According to this classification, apart from the standard variety, the German language has diatopic, diastratic and diaphasic features. Knowledge of the variation of the German language is of great importance to all teachers and learners in the process of language acquisition.
Keywords: Varieties, variety linguistics, standard variety, dialect, didactic consequences for foreign language teaching.
str./pp. 9 - 18
DANUŠA LIŠKOVÁ, JANA POSPÍŠILOVÁ - FACHSPRACHE IM BÖRSENWESEN (GERMAN LANGUAGE IN STOCK EXCHANGE)
Abstract: Brief characteristics of a German text for specific purposes in Stock Exchange and specific features of its vocabulary. Connections between Stock Exchange development, specialized terminology, and Professional jargon. Mutual relations between the language, culture, economy, politics, and historical events, and their impact on the language. Problems regarding decoding and translations of this type of texts.
Keywords: professional text, Stock Exchange, vocabulary, media, translation.
str./pp. 19 - 27
NINA MOCKOVÁ - SÉMOVÁ ANALÝZA CHROMATIZMOV VYJADRUJÚCICH EMÓCIE V ŠPANIELČINE (SEMIC ANALYSIS OF SPANISH CHROMATIC IDIOMS)
Abstract: The aim of the present article is to analyze the idioms with an colour element in their structure in the Spanish language which express different emotional states. The idioms are selected from three lexicographic sources: two monolingual and one phraseological diccionaries (the most current versions). The context of the meaning of the idioms in question or their frequency of use has been consulted with the referencial Corpus of Current Spanish Language (CREA) – annoted version from the year 2015. The article focuses therefore on the semic analysis of the given idiomatic expressions through identification of their semes, what makes possible to create the sematic fields for the given idioms. Then, the article is aimed to verify the usage of these idioms in context, regarding the frequency of use (using the CREA corpus). The importance of the singular colours is always relevant as well, regarding them as the key element of the examined idioms.
Keywords: phraseology, colour, chromatic, emotions, semes, analysis.
str./pp. 28 - 35
MICHELE PAOLINI - REMARKS ON A RECENT PUBLICATION RELATING TO STEREOTYPY
Abstract: This work aims to discuss the results of a study recently published in France: Étude(s) de cognition politique written by Fred Hailon (2017). The working hypothesis is that the discourse “socially institutes” the subject, as well as the subject “socially institutes” the discourse. This problematic subject-discourse nexus therefore seems to activate a phenomenon of multiple sense, rich in cross-implications, because the discourse also establishes, in turn, “social sense”. This would mean (if we correctly interpret it) that there is a fundamental semantics of the discourse that dynamically intervenes in the collective production of social concepts, schemes, categorizations.
Keywords: cognition, discourse, categorization, semantics, stereotypy.
str./pp. 36 - 41
MÁRIA SPIŠIAKOVÁ - SÚČASNÝ ŠPANIELSKY EKONOMICKÝ JAZYK (CONTEMPORARY SPANISH BUSINESS LANGUAGE)
Abstract: Based on the analysis of economic texts in the journal Alternativas Económicas, the present article characterizes the contemporary Spanish business language focusing on the formation of words (morphological and semantic), the use of loan words, especially Anglicisms, and the use of the metaphors (lexicalized and occasional), locutions and other phraseologisms.
Keywords: business language, word formation, loan words, metaphor.
str./pp. 42 - 54
SOFIA TUŽINSKÁ - LUNFARDO – LA JERGA DE BUENOS AIRES (LUNFARDO – SLANG OF BUENOS AIRES)
Abstract: The objective of this study is to show the phenomenon of Argentina, which is analyzed through the process of transformation of the marginal jargon, to a large part of the colloquial language of the broad Argentinean hill of the speakers. The use of lunfardo, the slang of Buenos Aires, in its beginnings was limited to marginalized groups. It was spoken in the suburbs or neighborhoods near the port. Later this vocabulary spread among various social classes through the texts of tango that became very popular in the first half of the twentieth century and from there also penetrated into literature. The lunfardo assimilated the vocabulary of Italian, Portuguese, Polish, Castilian or African dialects. It is also characterized by its peculiar phonetics and spelling. Today there are words from lunfardo that have the common use at the level of colloquial or family language in the Rio de la Plata region or in the capital of Argenitna.
Keywords: jargon, lunfardo, vocabulary, spelling, phonetics, literature.
str./pp. 55 - 63
MARTINA ULIČNÁ - SLOVENSKO-RUSKÉ PARALELY A ODLIŠNOSTI VO VYJADROVANÍ PRIESTOROVÝCH VZŤAHOV I (SLOVAK-RUSSIAN PARALLELS AND DIFFERENCES IN THE EXPRESSION OF SPATIAL RELATIONS I)
Abstract: One of the basic starting points that the description of the morphological system of the Slovak language for foreigners must take into account are the communication needs of a student resulting from the communication situation and the intention of the speaker. The need to express the space relations appears at the very first stage of the language learning, at its elementary level, and the expression of static and dynamic meanings with the increasing complexity of the syntactic structure accompanies language learning up to the advanced level. In the comparative description of the Slovak language and another language it is therefore necessary to highlight the equivalences and differences of the ways of expressing the spatial meanings in order to help the student to identify language interference as well as the ways of handling it in communication. The aim of the paper is to compare the static and dynamic meanings in Slovak and Russian, to point out the usual cases of interference and to create a basis for writing of learning materials focused on the removal of such cases.
Keywords: Slovak as a foreign language, prepositions, expressing the place and direction, Slovak-Russian parallels.
str./pp. 64 - 78
DIDAKTIKA A METODIKA VYUČOVACÍCH A CUDZÍCH JAZYKOV / DIDACTICS AND METHODOLOGY OF TEACHING AND FOREIGN LANGUAGES
Mª VICTORIA GARCÍA IGLESIAS - CONSIDERACIONES PARA UNA INTEGRACIÓN EFICIENTE DE LA LITERATURA EN LAS AULAS DE E/LE (CONSIDERATIONS FOR AN EFFICIENT INTEGRATIONS OF LITERATURE IN THE SFL CLASSROOMS)
Abstract: This article aims to reflect on the place of literature in the Spanish as a Foreign Language (SFL) class. It is stating what benefits can bring literature to the process of learning a foreign language and why some teachers are reluctant to work with literary texts in their classes. It offer some guidelines on how to select texts, how to design the activities and what methodology to apply for to work with literary texts from the early stages of learning SFL. Finally, we show the results of an intervention in a class of SFL beginners based in reading and interpretation of literary texts.
Keywords: SFL teaching, literary competence, reading comprehension, strategies, teaching methodology.
str./pp. 79 - 88
KATALIN VARGA KISS - HOW TO IMPROVE THE ACADEMIC LITERACY OF SUBJECT TEACHERS – A NEW CHALLENGE FOR AN ESP INSTRUCTOR
Abstract: Research cooperation, internationalisation of the curricula, knowledge transfer, as well as, staff mobility require academics to improve their academic literacy in English. The paper highlights the challenges an ESP instructor may face in the case of an Academic Writing course for the subject teachers of various disciplines. It investigates the main characteristics of research article as a genre and also gives insight into the teaching methods of how genre-specific language use may be acquired by subject teachers regardless of their disciplines.
Keywords: internationalisation of higher education, English for Academic Purposes, academic literacy, genre-specific language use, research article as a genre.
str./pp. 89 - 94
TRANSLATOLÓGIA / TRANSLATOLOGY
VLADIMÍR BILOVESKÝ, MATEJ LAŠ - VZNIK SYSTEMATICKÉHO MYSLENIA O PREKLADE V RUSKU. PRIENIKY A ÚNIKY (THE ROOTS OF SYSTEMATIC THINKING ON TRANSLATION IN RUSSIA. INTERSECTIONS AND LEAKS)
Abstract: The paper analyses formation of systematic thinking on translation in Russia, studies its beginnings in the first half of 20th century. The goal of this paper is to trace interconnections and influences of both Russian and Western Translation Studies predominantly in the 50s and 60s. Despite closed borders some memes of Translation Studies found their way to both sides of borders.
Keywords: memes of translation, Russian school of translation, literary approach, linguistic approach.
str./pp. 95 - 105
PAVOL ŠTUBŇA - FREKVENTOVANÉ TLMOČNÍCKE STRATÉGIE PRI SIMULTÁNNEJ TRANSLÁCII Z TALIANČINY DO SLOVENČINY: KOMPRIMÁCIA A KONDENZÁCIA (THE MOST FREQUENT SIMULTANEOUS INTERPRETATION STRATEGY WHEN TRANSFERRING FROM ITALIAN TO SLOVAK: COMPRESSION)
Abstract: The study deals with the theory and practice of specific simultaneous interpreting strategy called compression applied frequently when transferring from Italian to Slovak language. Compression, in general, is used in speeches marked by a fast rate of delivery. It is made possible thanks to linguistic redundancy of a source text. Compression in simultaneous interpretation can take place at various levels of language: syllables, words, syntax, meaning or context.
Keywords: simultaneous interpreting, strategy, compression, practice, difficulty.
str./pp. 106 - 112
RECENZIE / REVIEWS
ZUZANA HRDLIČKOVÁ - GUMANOVÁ, G. 2018. Pronunciation Features of General American English and Received Pronunciation in Relation to Standard Slovak. Prešov: Prešovská univerzita v Prešove [monografia].
str./pp. 113 - 114
FILIP KALAŠ - POLLMANN, A., LOHMANN, G. 2017. Ľudské práva. Interdisciplinárna príručka. Bratislava: Kalligram, s. r. o. ISBN 978-80-8101-960-9.
str./pp. 115 - 117
EVA KOLLÁROVÁ - JEDEN Z POHĽADOV NA VYZNAMNÚ PREMIÉRU V SND: Vojna a mier L. N. Tolstého v réžii Mariána Amslera. 9. jún 2018.
ALEXANDRA LENZI KUČMOVÁ - ŠTUBŇA, P., VERTANOVÁ, S. (eds.) 2017. Interdisciplinárne prístupy v teórii a didaktike tlmočenia. Bratislava: Z-F Lingua. 146 s. ISBN 978-80-8177-037-1.